Oil Price Leaps To $74 Per Barrel As US Inventory Drops, Iran Sanctions


Crude oil price has risen from $72.50 to $74.17per barrel in the international market as a result of limited inventories in the United States and Iran sanctions.

In its report obtained by Vanguard, Thursday, the American Petroleum Institute stated that U.S. crude stocks fell last week by 5.2 million barrels.

The development which gave impression of rising demand over limited supply, culminated in high price.

A survey of the market showed that the price of Brent rose from over $72 to $74.17 per barrel.

The price of WTI and Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries, OPEC basket of 15 crudes stood at $67.22 and $70.27 per barrel respectively.

OPEC stated, “The price of OPEC basket of 15 crudes stood at $70.27 a barrel on Friday, compared with $69.47 the previous day, according to OPEC Secretariat calculations.

“The OPEC Reference Basket of Crudes (ORB) is made up of the following: Saharan Blend (Algeria), Girassol (Angola), Djeno (Congo), Oriente (Ecuador), Zafiro (Equatorial Guinea), Rabi Light (Gabon), Iran Heavy (Islamic Republic of Iran), Basra Light (Iraq), Kuwait Export (Kuwait), Es Sider (Libya), Bonny Light (Nigeria), Qatar Marine (Qatar), Arab Light (Saudi Arabia), Murban (UAE) and Merey (Venezuela).”

In its August market report, OPEC which expected increased demand had stated, “In 2018, oil demand growth is anticipated to increase by 1.64 mb/d, 20 tb/d lower than last month’s projections, mainly due to weaker-than-expected oil demand data from Latin America and the Middle East in 2Q18.

“Total oil demand is anticipated to reach 98.83 mb/d. For 2019, world oil demand is forecast to grow by 1.43 mb/d, also some 20 tb/d lower than last month’s assessment. Total world consumption is anticipated to reach 100.26 mb/d. The OECD region will contribute positively to oil demand growth, rising by 0.27 mb/d y-oy, yet with growth of 1.16 mb/d, non-OECD nations will account for the majority of growth expected.”

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It added, “Non-OPEC oil supply in 2018 was revised up by 73 tb/d from the previous MOMR to average 59.62 mb/d, representing an increase of 2.08 mb/d y-o-y. The main reason for this upward revision was an adjustment for the Chinese supply forecast due to the higher-than-expected oil output in 1H18.

“Non-OPEC oil supply in 2019 is projected to reach an average of 61.75 mb/d, indicating an upward revision by 106 tb/d, mostly due to a re-assessment of the Chinese supply forecast for the next year. However, y-o-y growth was revised up by only 34 tb/d, to average 2.13 mb/d, owing to downward revisions in the US and Australian supply forecasts.

‘’The US, Brazil, Canada, the UK, Kazakhstan, Australia and Malaysia are the main growth drivers; while Mexico and Norway are expected to see the largest declines. The 2019 forecast remains subject to many uncertainties.”